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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus occurs when the effect of insulin in absorbing blood glucose diminishes
These reports includes 20-year forecasts of prevalent type 1 and type 2 diabetes cases segmented by age and gender, and drug-treated diabetes, segmented by treatment type.
Diabetes mellitus is a group of chronic endocrine disorders characterized by yperglycemia due to insufficient levels of insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar. The shortage of insulin is caused by either diminished insulin secretion, as in type 1
diabetes, or by diminished insulin effect, as in type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, accounting for approximately 90–95% of all diabetes cases (Chevreul et al., 2014; Geiss et al., 2014; IDF, 2017). Globally, prevalence has increased in
recent decades, and has been paralleled by the rate of increase observed in obesity prevalence, which represents a major risk factor.